Why is “Non-authoritative answer” given by nslookup? DNS Explained

Have you ever executed the nslookup command and been notified that the result was “Non-authoritative”? If you’re like many people, you’ve probably seen this message a lot but never really understood what it meant. Those who are unfamiliar with working with DNS servers may find this to be a complicated and misunderstood subject. But for

What does “Time to Live Exceeded” mean? TTL Explained

As a network administrator, I occasionally hear the question, “What does it mean when I get an error message that says “Time to Live exceeded”?” People often ask this question when they are having connectivity problems. This error message may appear while using the ping or traceroute command to diagnose one of these problems.. TL;DR

Web hosting reliability: 8 tips to get 100% Uptime

You deploy a new website or server with the greatest optimism. Unfortunately, it frequently goes down when you least expect it. Does this sound familiar? If you’re like most people, you’ve been frustrated by downtime and the harm it can cause your website or business. However, don’t worry; we’re here to help. In this article,

What is a good ping? Why ping speed matters for websites and gaming

Have you ever had a website load slowly, been in a game that’s lagging, or have a skype call turn robotic? One of the main causes of this is excessive latency. As latency is commonly measured with the “ping” command, this latency is often called your “ping time”. This latency measures the time it takes

Where to buy IP Addresses? A simple question with a more complex answer.

One inquiry I get as a hoster is, “Where can I buy a small block of IP addresses?” The simple answer is, no, you usually cannot buy or sell individual IP addresses like you would a physical product. We’ll explain why this is the case in this blog article and go over some of the alternatives

How to Edit the hosts File in Windows and linux to Load an Example Domain from a Localhost Proxy

Editing /etc/hosts in linux In a previous post, we wrote about configuring putty ssh port forwarding. However, for this to be useful, you do need to edit /etc/hosts (in linux) or the “hosts” file (in windows) to point your target domain to So to help you get that going, this article will show how

Create an SSH SOCKS Proxy with PuTTY: A Step-by-Step Guide

If you’re looking for a secure way to connect to remote networks or keep your network traffic confidential, using PuTTY as a SOCKS proxy is a fantastic choice. This approach opens up a new world of possibilities, forwarding network traffic through a secure SSH tunnel while utilizing the SOCKS protocol to offer a simple solution

PuTTy SSH Tunneling: A Step-by-Step Guide

SSH tunneling with PuTTY is a useful tool for encrypting your network traffic or accessing services on other networks securely. Using this software, you can relay network traffic securely from one network site to another, guarding your information against hacking and eavesdropping. This also allows you to connect to things that may be blocked locally,

How to use MTR – A Guide For Windows, Mac, and Linux

One of the most important aspects of an internet connected system is the stability of the network. There are a number of tools to diagnose, troubleshoot, and verify network performance and connectivity. Today we’re going to be discussing one of the most important of those: MTR. In this article, we will address some important topics:

How to configure IPv6 for SolusVM

At IOFLOOD, quite a lot of our customers run VPS hosting companies, so we try to be familiar with the technologies and control panels used for VPS hosting. We do this because we want to provide help when our customers face challenging server configuration issues. In today’s article, we’re going to discuss how to configure